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Primary And Secondary Research – The Ultimate Differentiating Guide

By Laura Brown on 20th August 2020

According to a study, there are more than 25,000 research scholars currently in the UK. If you are planning to join the force, it is important to decide which research approach is more suitable for your upcoming research project. But first you need to know the exact differences between the two research approaches that most researchers use.

What Is Primary And Secondary Research?

Generally, there are two kinds of research, one is the primary research, and the other is secondary research. Both are commonly used research methodologies by researchers to guide their research project. Read on to know more about each research methodology in detail.

The Ultimate Guide About Primary & Secondary Research

Primary Research Method

The systematic process of investigation and study of materials is known as research on the necessary grounds. The method of analysis aims at getting the answers to questions by applying several procedures. But the problem that mostly confuse the students is what primary and secondary research is? And what is the difference between primary and secondary research?

The word ‘Primary’ indicates ‘first and foremost’ and when the world primary is linked with research; it means exploration of details in depth.

Primary research is understood as the type of research which involves the gathering and collecting of new data, for example, when the data or facts about the particular subject is collected for the first time. The research is known as primary research. It is also done and conducted for unique and specific purposes.

Secondary Research Method

On the other side, the research method, which involves the analysing, interpreting, summarising of the data and facts already collected through primary research, is known as secondary research.

The main element that separates the both processes is whether the research is conducted previously or not. If it is conducted, then it is primary, but if it doesn’t, then the research is secondary. Secondary research also summarised to increase the overall effectiveness of the study.

Difference between primary and secondary research can easily be understood if we understand the difference between primary and secondary data. Both the researches include collecting information, facts, and data.

Eleven Points Explaining The Key Distinction Between Primary And Secondary Research

The following elaboration explains both primary and secondary research in detail.

  1. Primary research is conducted to gather immediate and first-hand information, facts, and data by the researcher.
  2. Any research that is done and involves the use of already published information obtained from the previous source is known as secondary research.
  3. In the primary research, we do not have any prior data, so we work on to collect raw data from the sources.
  4. In secondary research, we have the prior collected data, which is being analysed, interpreted, and studied for further conclusions.
  5. In the primary research, it can be said that the data is collected either by the researcher himself or by the third party representative hired or being held responsible by the investigator. As against this, secondary research is conducted by someone else based on primary research. 
  6. Working on your topic becomes easier when you understand the difference between primary and secondary data. In primary research, the researcher works and collects the data focusing on specific needs, and in the particular area as per the requirement. Whereas in secondary research, the data lacks particularity, to be more precise, it may or may not be as per the requirements of the requirements.
  7. It has been understood as a significant point in primary research that covers the topic profoundly. The research process in this category is deep and involved.
    Whereas, when we talk about secondary research, it is a fast process and it seems quite easy. Since, it aims at gaining a broad understanding of the subject, you can collect large amount of data and do filtration to get the best for your personal use.
  8. The significant difference between both the research methods is cost-effectiveness. Primary research is an expensive research process. It is high in cost and utilises more resources as compared to secondary research.
  9. Unlike the primary research, secondary research is found to be an economical method of analysis, which is low in cost just because the survey has already been conducted and the researcher does not need to go for acquiring information on the basic level.
  10. Another factor that is considered is the time consumption. Primary research is tome consuming because the research is done from scratch. The researcher has nothing, and he has to collect everything from unknown resources at the beginning.
    While on the contrary, secondary research is already done, the researcher needs to put the pieces together. It is not as easy as I am quoting it, but on a related note, yes it is quite easy.
  11. Primary research includes original documents prepared by the researcher, news reporter or journalist reporting the event or scene, surveyor conducting the survey, interviewer, debater, etc. Sometimes bloggers also go for primary research depending upon the content they are creating.
    For example, if a blogger writes on ‘7 most shocking rules exist in schools around the world’, one needs to go on secondary research because you’ll get huge amount of detail available on the internet.
    Secondary research includes documentaries, articles, journals, publications, dissertations, reviews, etc.

These examples and instances will help you in understanding the fact on the better note as to what primary and secondary research is, or you can visit and read more interesting content on this matter at Crowd Writer.

What’s Next?

Now you know the difference between thesis and dissertation and which research approach suits best, it’s time to start working on your actual project. If you don’t have enough time to do it on your own, consult Crowd Writer UK experts, a reliable platform to avail assignment writing service.


The quality of primary research is up to the mark, it is expensive, and it consumes a lot of time of the researcher. Whereas, secondary research is cheap, and the data collection is accessible

Both the researches, either primary or secondary, have their pros and cons. They are being chosen by researchers considering their own needs and requirements. Therefore, fundamental research is termed as need-specific and secondary research is commonly practised. Need more details, talk to the customer service representatives at Crowd Writer.

Author Bio:
Laura Brown

Laura Brown, a senior content writer who writes actionable blogs at Crowd Writer.